Islamic Jihad Organization
Revolutionary Justice Organization
Organization of the Oppressed on Earth
Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine
Organization of Right Against Wrong
Followers of the Prophet Muhammed
Radical Shia group formed in Lebanon; dedicated
to creation of Iranian-style Islamic republic
in Lebanon and removal of all non-Islamic influences
from the area. Strongly anti-West and anti-Israel.
Closely allied with, and often directed by, Iran
but may have conducted operations that were not
approved by Tehran.
Known or suspected to have been involved in numerous
anti-US terrorist attacks, including the suicide
truck bombing of the US Embassy and US Marine
barracks in Beirut in October 1983 and the US
Embassy annex in Beirut in September 1984. Elements
of the group were responsible for the kidnapping
and detention of US and other Western hostages
in Lebanon. The group also attacked the Israeli
Embassy in Argentina in 1992 and is a suspect
in the 1994 bombing of the Israeli cultural center
in Buenos Aires. In fall 2000, it captured three
Israeli soldiers in the Shabaa Farms and kidnapped
an Israeli noncombatant whom it may have lured
to Lebanon under false pretenses.
Several thousand supporters and a few hundred
Location/Area of Operation
Operates in the Bekaa Valley, the southern suburbs
of Beirut, and southern Lebanon. Has established
cells in Europe, Africa, South America, North
America, and Asia.
Receives substantial amounts of financial, training,
weapons, explosives, political, diplomatic, and
organizational aid from Iran and Syria.